Friday, May 13, 2005

Ayaan, la belle insoumise à l'islam

Protégée d'une fatwa par la police, la jeune parlementaire néerlandaise a effectué une visite à Paris

Renaud Girard
Le Figaro [13 mai 2005]

Comme l'Américaine Condoleezza Rice, la Hollandaise Ayaan Hirsi Ali est noire, élégante, intelligente, décidée. Toutes les deux sont politiquement engagées à droite de l'échiquier politique de leur pays.

L'étonnant est que la parlementaire néerlandaise, lorsqu'elle se trouve en visite à Paris, bénéficie d'une protection policière comparable à celle qu'aurait le secrétaire d'Etat des Etats-Unis d'Amérique. La raison? La belle Hollandaise d'origine somalienne, frappée d'une fatwa, est personnellement menacée de mort.

Cette menace lui a été transmise de la manière la plus horrible qui soit. Le 2 novembre 2004, le réalisateur de cinéma néerlandais Theo Van Gogh, qui se rendait à son bureau à vélo, est assassiné par un militant islamiste. Un poignard est planté dans sa poitrine, transperçant une lettre. La missive, adressée à la jeune femme, lui annonce sa condamnation à mort pour apostasie.

Theo Van Gogh et Ayaan Hirsi avaient travaillé ensemble sur un court-métrage de fiction intitulé Submission Part 1, dont le thème était la violence infligée aux femmes au nom de l'islam.

Dans cette œuvre d'avant-garde, des versets du coran avaient été calligraphiés sur la peau nue des actrices. D'une qualité esthétique indiscutable, le court-métrage, qui fut diffusé à la télévision hollandaise peu après l'assassinat de son réalisateur, n'a rien de choquant pour un regard d'Occidental. Mais il avait enflammé les milieux les plus radicaux de la communauté musulmane immigrée aux Pays-Bas.

Pour sa protection, Ayaaan Hirsi Ali dut fuir son pays deux jours après le meurtre. Un avion de reconnaissance de la marine néerlandaise la déposa sur un aéroport militaire du Maine, sur la côte Est des Etats-Unis. Elle ne revint en Hollande qu'à la mi-janvier 2005, où sa vie ressemble à celle que menait à Londres Salman Rushdie dans les années quatre-vingt-dix.

Prisonnière de sa protection policière, Ayaan demeure plus que jamais une femme libre. Comme si son absence de liberté de mouvements devait être compensée par un usage accru de sa liberté d'expression.
La jeune femme est venue passer trois jours à Paris pour lancer la traduction en français de son livre Insoumise.

Insoumise à quoi? «A la loi d'Allah, aux règles édictées par son prophète, à la peur de l'au-delà», répond-elle doucement, dans son anglais chantant, avec un sourire poli, mais en vous fixant droit dans les yeux.
Insoumise, Ayaan (qui signifie en somali «chanceuse») ne l'a pas toujours été.

Née en Somalie en 1969 dans une famille issue de l'un des clans les plus prestigieux du pays (celui des guerriers Matjeerten), Ayaan va se montrer soumise à ses parents, à son clan et à la religion de ses pères jusqu'à l'âge de 23 ans.

Elle a 5 ans quand sa grand-mère la fait exciser, et 6 ans quand la famille quitte le pays (sous la dictature communiste de Siyad Barré) pour suivre le père dans un long exil politique, d'abord en Arabie saoudite et en Ethiopie puis au Kenya. Le père voyagera beaucoup mais sa famille restera dix ans à Nairobi, où la jeune Ayaan est scolarisée dans un collège musulman pour jeunes filles.

Elle n'est pas seulement obéissante et bonne élève, elle professe un réel attachement à l'islam. Sans que sa mère (la seconde épouse de son père, Hirsi Magan, un intellectuel qui a étudié aux Etats-Unis dans les années soixante) ne l'encourage, Ayaan décide de fréquenter assidûment une madrasa du quartier. «J'étais très éprise d'idéal de justice. L'islam me semblait la voie naturelle.

La première fois que j'ai eu des doutes, c'est lorsque notre muallim (le professeur de religion) nous a enseigné la règle selon laquelle une femme devait obéissance éternelle à son mari. Lorsque je lui ai demandé si la réciproque était vraie, il m'a répondu que non», raconte la jeune femme, tout en se resservant une tasse de tisane à la camomille.

Voici la suite de son dialogue avec le muallim comme Ayaan se la rappelle: «Et pourquoi donc un mari ne devrait-il pas également obéissance éternelle à sa femme?
– Parce qu'Allah l'a voulu ainsi.
– Mais pourquoi Allah l'a-t-il voulu ainsi?
– Ma fille, tu n'as pas le droit de questionner les intentions d'Allah!
– Mais, maître, j'ai lu les versets du coran que vous nous aviez conseillés. Dans l'un d'eux il est écrit qu'Allah est tout justice, qu'on ne peut pas imaginer plus juste qu'Allah. Alors pourquoi les règles s'appliquant à une femme ne s'appliqueraient pas à son mari?
– Tais-toi! C'est Satan qui parle aujourd'hui par ta bouche...»

A partir de ce moment Ayaan va cesser de fréquenter la madrasa, estimant le muallim «trop stupide». Mais elle demeure une «musulmane croyante». A l'âge de 20 ans, en 1989, elle demande la permission de travailler à sa mère, qui la lui refuse, «pour protéger l'honneur de la famille». En 1990, on la renvoie avec sa sœur en Somalie, pour qu'elle renoue avec ses racines. «J'étais très excitée à l'idée de faire ce voyage.

Mais j'ai été très vite déçue car je n'ai vu dans mon pays natal qu'un immense terrain de crimes. Heureusement, grâce à mon anglais, j'ai réussi à être embauchée dans un bureau des Nations unies.

Intellectuellement et spirituellement, je me cherchais. J'ai même rejoint le mouvement des Frères musulmans, prenant le tchador.»

En novembre 1990, Ayaan est rappelée à Nairobi par sa famille, la guerre civile faisant rage en Somalie.

«A cette époque, j'ai cessé de me poser des questions métaphysiques: j'étais trop occupée à aider tous les réfugiés venus vivre sous notre toit. En 1992, mon père, qui ne vivait plus avec nous, est venu me voir pour me dire qu'il était temps de me marier et qu'il avait trouvé le mari qu'il me fallait, un jeune homme bien, de notre clan, qui ne mâchait pas de khât, et qui vivait légalement au Canada.» Seule face au mur du consensus familial, Ayaan n'a pas les moyens de refuser ce mariage arrangé.

Mais, dans l'attente de papiers l'autorisant à voyager pour le Canada, la famille envoie Ayaan vivre chez un vague oncle en Allemagne, qui la placera dans une autre famille somalie. C'est de là qu'elle va, au bout de deux jours, s'enfuir en train pour le pays le plus proche, qu'elle connaissait par les livres, la Hollande.

Elle falsifie son identité, demande l'asile politique (qu'elle obtient facilement), travaille comme femme de ménage puis comme traductrice pour les services sociaux et ceux de l'immigration. C'est là qu'elle rencontre des épouses battues et des jeunes filles musulmanes qui ont été chassées de leur famille pour avoir perdu leur «honneur» (leur virginité). Ayaan s'aperçoit avec effroi qu'en Hollande, «terre de haute civilisation et des Lumières depuis le XVIIe siècle», on laisse l'islam le plus rétrograde oppresser les femmes musulmanes.

La suite de sa carrière est plus connue: études de philosophie politique à Leyde, chercheuse dans un think tank du parti socialiste (qu'elle quitte après avoir été désavouée pour son interprétation «réactionnaire et anti-islamique» des attentats du 11 septembre), adhésion au parti libéral VVD, élection au Parlement en 2003, proposition de loi (adoptée) réprimant sévèrement la pratique de l'excision, écrits fustigeant les dangers du communautarisme.

Ayaan, qui explique que le «multiculturalisme est le nom politiquement correct de l'apartheid», ne cache pas son admiration pour la France de la laïcité et de la loi sur le voile, même si, en politique étrangère, elle se range résolument derrière le «courageux combat de l'Amérique pour apporter la démocratie au monde arabo-musulman».

La jeune femme ne cache pas son scepticisme face au développement actuel d'un «islam français».

«Tant que les musulmans immigrés n'oseront pas remettre en cause les enseignements du Prophète contraires à l'esprit des Lumières et aux lois des pays occidentaux les ayant accueillis, le fossé ne cessera de grandir entre eux et le reste de la société», dit-elle d'une voix d'une douceur qui semble ne jamais s'altérer.

Friday, April 29, 2005

Euro-Islamist threats

Euro-Islamist threats
By Claude Salhani
UPI International Editor

Washington, DC, Apr. 27 (UPI) -- The precise scale and reach of Islamist extremism in Europe is difficult to identify, but the terror threat -- including that of nuclear terrorism -- is real, warns a new report from the Brussels-based European Strategic Intelligence and Security Center.

At a hearing Wednesday delivered to the House Committee on International Relations, the Center's director, Claude Moniquet, pointed out gaps in precise intelligence data concerning Muslims in Europe, given Islam is not reported in the Europe Union census. Moniquet cited as example the lack of official figures of Muslims living in France, with estimates ranging between 4 million and 6 million.

Moniquet said public demonstrations by Islamists in Europe before 2000 "were a rare event." But since Sept. 11, 2001, "thousands of people" in France and Belgium took part in open demonstrations, such as the protests against the law banning the Islamic veil in French public schools.

Prior to the 1990s, Islamist political parties didn't exist in Europe, and though they still are not represented in parliament, they are making themselves heard. In Brussels, for example, in May 2003 the Party of Citizenship and Prosperity, which advocates radical Islam, won more than 8,000 votes.

European police and intelligence services have documented fundamentalists preaching hate in many European mosques, with youth associations often acting as front organizations for the Muslim Brotherhood.

Mounting anti-Semitism in some areas has made teaching the history of the Holocaust in schools attended by young Muslims impossible, and Muslims students are openly questioning the theory of the origin of life. Europe's prisons on the other hand, have seen the increase of its Muslim population, which is frequently in the majority.

Since the Sept. 11 attacks, hundreds of suspected terrorists have been arrested in Europe.

"Each week police arrest additional suspects," demonstrating, says Moniquet, "that the number of people willing to go from ideas to action is growing."

The French domestic intelligence service, les Renseignements Généraux, or RG, has tried to calculate the number of fundamentalists based on the assumption that on average, 5 percent of the Muslim population is fundamentalist. Of those, 3 percent could be considered dangerous. If those estimates are correct, then out of a population of 6 million people there would be 300,000 fundamentalists, of which, 9,000 are potentially dangerous. However, Moniquet cautions these figures should not be taken to mean the average Muslim is fundamentalist or dangerous. Most Muslims want to live a normal and decent life.

The causes of Islamic extremism in Europe are many and various, reports Moniquet, who said "there is not a single explanation for the appearance of Islamist extremism in Europe." The counter-terrorism expert points to lack of integration and racism, which leads to high unemployment. In France and Belgium, unemployment is around 10 percent, but more commonly 20 percent within Muslim communities.

He stated that events in Bosnia, Somalia, Chechnya, or the Israeli-Palestinian conflict "lead some young Muslims to create what the French sociologist Farid Khosrokhovar called 'an identity of vicarious humiliation.'"

Feeling excluded in the country they're living in, they develop a kind of empathy with all the "Muslim victims in the world" and convince themselves of their own exclusion and of the "persecution" of their coreligionists.

The terrorist threat is very real said Moniquet, though he stressed Islamists know they will not win. Their hope is to create or deepen the cultural and social divide between Muslims and non-Muslims. The idea in doing so is to radicalize Muslim communities.

What we are now expecting, warns Moniquet, "is the emergence of a new generation of terrorists: kids who were 12 to 15 years old on September 11 2001...." The threat against the interests of the United States from European terrorists is also very real, he warns, with U.S. interests, embassies, consulates, military personnel, hotels and companies being natural targets.

But there is more: most of the second-generation people and almost all of the third-generation now hold European passports, allowing them to travel freely to the United States or anywhere else they want to.

The Belgian expert cautioned against blaming all attacks on al-Qaida.

"A common mistake is to try to link each and every terrorist attack or plot to al-Qaida," he said.

Al-Qaida did have a "historical role" to play: "to build an international terrorist coalition uniting dozens of organizations." Now, however, individual Moroccan, Algerian, Chechen, Pakistani, Saudi, Iraqi and other organizations, often collaborate in very sophisticated projects.

Now, the counter-terrorism expert believes al-Qaida's role is to set "the general framework." This includes designating targets and giving "lawful authorization" -- or fatwas -- to act.

Recent successes by European intelligence services indicate the security services are getting better. Still, all Islamist groups and cells must be considered able to carry out terrorist attacks.

"What is more worrying" is some of the failed attacks in Europe (in France and Britain) were to use weapons of mass destruction, such as chemical products, he said.

Intelligence further indicates suspected terrorists have shown great interest in recent years in nuclear facilities, suggesting they are hoping to develop and use a "dirty bomb."

Moniquet stressed the importance of greater coordination among countries.

"The threat will not diminish in the foreseeable future," he said.


Link,

Monday, February 28, 2005

Exode des européens: White middle class leads emigration trend

Tensions drive out Dutch

Leave this stable and prosperous corner of Europe? Leave this land with its generous social benefits and ample salaries, a place of fine schools, museums, sports grounds and bicycle paths, all set in a lively democracy?
The answer, increasingly, is yes. This small nation is a magnet for immigrants, but statistics suggest there is a quickening flight of the white middle class. Dutch people pulling up roots said they felt a general pessimism about their small and crowded country and about the social tensions that had grown along with the waves of newcomers, most of them Muslims.

Source

Sunday, February 27, 2005

Cold War alive in Europe

Sunday, February 27, 2005

Copyright © 2005 Republican-American

A couple of years ago, my husband and I were attacked in Paris. The assailants were a pack of kids, hooligans really, who hopped off their bicycles and began pounding their fists against my husband. Their assault came after I had exchanged words with one of their number who had jostled me on the sidewalk while on his bike. The boy confronted me. My husband ripped him off his bike. And then all heck broke loose outside the Pompadour Centre, as the boy and his friends retaliated for being what we might call "dissed."

To their credit, passers-by came to our aid, shielding us from these ruffians until a gendarme came to help us. For whatever reason, the gendarme sought to mollify me, assuring me that these creeps were not "real Frenchmen."

The boys who attacked us were not ethnic French. They appeared to be North African, of descent or birth. More than likely, they were Muslim. They belong to a growing population of Muslim immigrants who are increasingly seething with anger at what they see as lack of economic justice, persistent racism and political neglect. Not just in France, but in Germany, in Italy, in Spain, and, most dramatically, in the Netherlands.

In November, Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh was shot and stabbed by a suspected Islamic militant, unleashing a wave of attacks on mosques, churches and religious institutions that dealt a fatal blow to the Dutch reputation for tolerance. The van Gogh murder and its aftermath shocked the freewheeling, multicultural Dutch but it should not have.

Only six months earlier, Muslim radicals killed 191 people on Madrid's commuter trains and French police say they have foiled a plot to cause similar destruction in Paris. Last year, France passed a ban to prohibit the wearing of religious symbols in its secular schools, saying such symbols incite violence. In response to the swelling animosity between Muslims and non-Muslims in Europe, the European Union last year insisted that all new immigrants to the 25-nation bloc must learn local language and adhere to general "European values."

If anybody knows what those are any more.

There may be a hot war brewing between the United States and Iraq, but there is a Cold War in Europe between Muslims and non-Muslims. Europe's problem with Islam is potentially more dangerous than ours simply because there are more Muslims there. Although no one knows the actual numbers of Muslims in the United States, estimates range between 1 million and 2 million. There are 5 million Muslims living in France alone.

The majority of the estimated 300 million Muslims who live along the Mediterranean's southern rim are under 20, restless, and, often, simmering with resentment. We witnessed that in our Parisian donnybrook.

To many white Europeans, Muslim immigrants are a necessary evil, a fertile labor pool required to fill the jobs they won't take. That's fueled animosity and resentment, led to extremism on both sides and spawned a political xenophobia at odds with Europe's progressive view of itself. How volatile has the tension become? Last year, former German chancellor Helmut Schmidt wished out loud that Germany had never let all those Turkish guest workers in the 1950s and '60s. And many Germans muttered in mute assent.

But ethnic Germans, and French, and Italians, and even, saints preserve us, the Irish, are simply not having babies at the clip with which immigrants are. With a low birth rate and an aging population, Europe needs immigrants to sustain its generous social welfare system and fill jobs to fuel its economy. Some estimates predict Europe will need 75 million immigrants by 2050 if it hopes to stay competitive.

But so profound is the enmity, and so latent the potential danger, that some Europeans are more than deeply resistant. They are openly hostile.

"We must stop the Islamic invasion," Filip Dewinter of Belgium's Vlaams Blok told The New York Times Magazine. Vlaams Block wants to forcibly expel all unemployed immigrants. "I think it's, in fact, impossible to assimilate in our country if you are of Islamic belief." France's Jean Marie Le Pen, with his "France for the French" is of much the same ilk. Le Pen, who's been convicted several times for comments he made about Jews and the Holocaust, has asserted "The main cause of crime is linked very directly to mass immigration."

It's tempting to think the European opposition to the war in Iraq is rooted in anti-Americanism. But with so many Muslims loitering around the ghettos of Europe, Europeans may just want to keep their hands out of the hornet's nest. Until, of course, the hornets swarm of their own accord.

Tracey O'Shaughnessy can be reached at Tosh@rep-am.com.

Wednesday, December 29, 2004

Letter from France: In Europe, Islam fills Marxism's old shoes

Letter from France: In Europe, Islam fills Marxism's old shoes
Craig S. Smith International Herald Tribune
Thursday, December 30, 2004


PARIS When Azzedine Belthoub was growing up in the shantytowns outside of Nanterre, France, 40 years ago, the people who came to take the young North African kids to swim in the community pool, to register them for school and give them candy and comic books, were Marxists. The French Communist Party offered a political voice for the working classes, including the growing number of North African immigrants imported to fill labor shortages after World War II.

Today, Islam plays that role, especially in France, where men like Belthoub, wearing long beards and short djellabas, reach out to the poor and disillusioned in the country's working-class neighborhoods.

Young Arabs and Africans here have turned to Islam with the same fervor that the idealistic youth of the 1960s turned toward Marxism.

"Now, religion has become our identity," Belthoub said last week, sitting in a friend's apartment in a largely Muslim suburb north of Paris.

The question is whether Islam in Europe will follow the same path that communism did here, shedding its revolutionary extremism, electing mayors and legislators and assimilating itself into normal democratic political life.

As with Marxism in the 1960s, Islam in Europe has its radical fringe and its pragmatic mainstream. The latter is much the broader, intent on expanding Muslims' political power in French society. It has consciously mimicked many of the tactics of the left, including organizing summer camps where urban young people learn the tenets of the movement.

The narrower stream, but in many ways the more potent one, draws its inspiration from the fundamentalist clerics of Saudi Arabia and seeks to isolate its adherents from the surrounding society. Although predominantly pacifist, it contains a militant fringe analogous to the violent Marxist groups that operated in Europe decades ago.

That militant fringe makes headlines, though, and colors the whole movement, both in the way young Muslims understand their faith and in the way the larger society sees and deals with Islam, just as the bombers and kidnappers of the Red Brigades and the Baader-Meinhof Gang did to European communism in the 1960s.

But the eventual evaporation of hard-line Marxism in Europe may offer clues to how the Islamist trend could play out. Disowned by the pragmatic left, Europe's militant Marxist fringe was isolated and repressed, while governments pursued social policies that to some measure addressed the grievances of the poor and dispossessed, which had animated the radicals.

Islam's growth in Europe as the most vibrant ideology of the downtrodden is part of a wave of religiosity that has swept the Arab world in the past 30 years, propelled by frustration over feeble economies, uneven distribution of wealth and the absence of political freedom.

Like communism, it represents for many of its devoted adherents a transnational ideology tilting toward an eventual utopian vision, in this case of a vast, if not global, caliphate governed according to sharia, the legal code based on the Koran.

But the religion's appeal reaches beyond the communities of Arab and African immigrants born to the faith. There are an estimated 50,000 Muslim converts in France alone today. Many of these people have taken up the religion as a way to define themselves against traditional European culture, whose values they reject for economic or spiritual reasons.

"Islam has replaced Marxism as the ideology of contestation," says Olivier Roy, a French scholar of European Islam. "When the left collapsed, the Islamists stepped in."

Islam's role is not entirely accidental. The political left reached out to Muslims in the 1970s as other groups moved up and out of Europe's working-class neighborhoods. In France, Socialists and Communists alike established associations in the housing projects, attracting many young, politically active Arab men.

But those alliances withered, as frustrated Arab youths turned away from politics. In France, the rupture followed several defining events, including the 1981 bulldozing of an immigrant shelter in a suburb of Paris by the local mayor, a Communist. That betrayal was followed by the disillusionment of a 1985 civil rights march that brought little concrete action.

Communist cadres, meanwhile, resisted the rise of young Arabs within their party. By the end of the decade, when a young Arab was killed during a demonstration in Paris, the left's credibility in that group was dead.

Islamic organizations soon began channeling the frustrated youth toward religion.

The map of France's Islamists today largely matches that of the country's Marxists from decades ago. Many predominantly Muslim municipalities are still under Communist-led administrations, but Islamic organizations are now the active ones.

Islam's institutional presence has since blossomed. Europe's first generation of Muslim immigrants made do without mosques, halal butchers or easy access to the pilgrimage to Mecca; the current generation has all those things, along with a plethora of educational texts, video and audio cassettes and conferences to expand their knowledge of Islam.

The Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks only increased interest in the religion, and the growing institutions have met surging demand.

"We're rejected everywhere, and so the only place we feel at peace is in our religion," said Issam el-Zryouly, 19, whose family moved to France from Morocco when he was 6. Like many of his peers, Zryouly has redefined himself as a Muslim after a few years of drug use and petty crime.

But Islam's role as a beacon for the downtrodden may wane, in part because of its very success: The necessary compromises with the surrounding community that are inherent in economic and political participation could dull its edge and sap its momentum, as they did for Marxism.

Beyond the militant minority, the inward-looking fundamentalists are by definition politically insignificant. Once the more mainstream, upwardly mobile Arab or African young people move out of their working-class neighborhoods, "they aren't perceived as Muslim any more, and the vast majority aren't interested in using their religion as a social and political marker," says Gilles Kepel, author of "The War for Muslim Minds."

Islam as an ideology of the repressed may hold its allure only so long as immigrants' economic and political dislocation lasts.

Tuesday, December 14, 2004

Returning jihadis new risk for Europe

Paris, France, Dec. 13 (UPI) -- As many as 7,500 foreign jihadi fighters could have joined the anti-U.S. resistance in Iraq, a well-informed French intelligence source told UPI.
Reports that many of them may be heading back to Europe are raising concerns.
Claude Moniquet of the European Strategic Intelligence and Security Center in Brussels, who monitors Islamist terrorism, told UPI the Europeans are not adequately prepared to handle the influx.
The former jihadis -- now armed with hardened combat experience -- may become members of active or sleeper cells on which al-Qaida could call for future terrorist operations in Europe.
Reports of returning jihadis corroborates an earlier report by U.S. military intelligence sources nearly two weeks ago that a new trend is emerging in the Iraqi resistance with insurgents trying to rid themselves of foreign elements.
One source reports recent movement of jihadis trekking across the Iraqi-Syrian border this time heading out of Iraq.

Sunday, December 12, 2004

Zarqawi targets Europe for terror

The most wanted terrorist in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, is recruiting cell members in Britain and Europe.
Terrorism experts believe his is preparing his new recruits for attacks somewhere in Europe.
Zarqawi, who has a reward of $US25million ($33 million) on his head, is also thought to be using Europeans for his terror campaign against the US forces in Iraq.
Rohan Gunaratna, one of the world's leading al-Qa'ida experts with access to official intelligence, said the Jordanian terrorist was an increasing threat.
"He is the biggest recruiter in Europe," Dr Gunaratna, head of the terror unit at Singapore's Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, said last week. "He has become better known among extremists in Britain and Europe, and his group is becoming very multinational."
Between 150 and 200 European recruits are estimated to have entered Iraq, usually through Syria or Iran.
Zarqawi has claimed responsibility for a series of beheadings in Iraq, most recently the killing of British hostage Kenneth Bigley.
A western intelligence official said: "The new land of jihad is Iraq. There, they are trained, they fight and acquire a technique and the indoctrination sufficient to act on when they return."
An Iraqi resistance leader told The Sunday Times in September that three Britons were part of the beheading gang that seized Bigley, a Liverpudlian.
Abu Muawiya, who spent eight months in Zarqawi's Tawhid wal Jihad group, said the Britons were among "a handful of non-Arab foreigners" who had joined Zarqawi after being recommended by clerics abroad.
German authorities this month arrested three Iraqis with links to Zarqawi on suspicion of planning an attack on US-appointed Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi during his visit to the country.
Intelligence officers are also detecting new recruiting networks in eastern Europe and the Balkans, where Muslims from poorer communities are being sponsored to fight in Iraq. Terrorism experts agreed at a Washington conference this month that Europe was likely to be the target of the next big Islamic terrorist attack.
(The Sunday Times, AP, AFP, December 13, 2004)



Islamic Europe? The Rise of Eurabia

Can pacifist old Europe survive Islam? Will Islam swamp France, Germany, and the rest of the secular socialist states of old Europe?
European culture is under siege irrespective of attempts at European unification into a "Christianized" United States of Europe. Liberalization, secularization, and the need for cheap labor brought about liberal immigration policies in some European states and the inauguration of assured cultural suicide. The result is the migration of millions of Islamic workers and their families into western Europe who have no respect for nor desire to adopt its culture as their own. This has heightened anti-Semitism and cultural conflict throughout the region for Islamic culture is neither European nor Christian in its values, ideals, or mores.
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